A new Government ISA aimed at helping first-time buyers aged under 40 has been promised for launch this April. Here's what we know about the accounts so far.
Q. What is a Lifetime ISA?
A. It's a new kind of ISA which will offer a Government tax-free bonus of up to £1,000 each year. The money can be put towards buying your first home OR towards your retirement savings. Like regular ISAs, the Lifetime ISA will be available as a cash ISA or stocks and shares ISA.
Q. When will the accounts be available?
A. In theory, from 6 April 2017.
Q. Who can open one?
A. Anyone under the age of 40.
Q. How much can I pay in?
A. Up to £4,000 a year, between the ages of 18 and 50.
Q. How does the Government bonus work?
A. For every £1 you save into the account, the Government will contribute another 25p tax-free. So, on the maximum £4,000 a year contribution, the tax-free bonus will be £1,000.
Note that the bonus is calculated only on YOUR contributions. So, while tax-free interest on your cash or growth in your investment will also be paid into your account, it won't count when the bonus is calculated.
For the first year (2017/2018), the Government bonus will be paid annually. But from April 2018, it will switch to monthly.
Q. How much is the Government bonus worth?
A. As you are able to save into a Lifetime ISA between the ages of 18 and 50, the maximum total contributions over this time amount to £128,000. This means the maximum bonus you can receive from the Government is £32,000.
Q. How much can I pay in each month?
A. You can save as much or as little as you like into the account each month, provided you don’t exceed the annual £4,000 limit.
Q. How do I put the money towards my deposit?
A. So long as 12 months has passed since you opened the account, you are free to use the money you saved (along with any interest/ investment growth/ tax-free bonus) to help towards your deposit which is paid at exchange of contracts.
This is different to the Help to Buy ISA where the bonus only becomes available at completion.
The property you are buying must cost no more than £450,000 anywhere in the UK. Again, this is different to the Help to Buy ISA where prices are capped are £250,000 and only £450,000 in London).
It must be the first home you've ever owned, bought using a mortgage and you won't be able to rent it out.
Q. Where can I open a Lifetime ISA?
A. This is the rub. Not a single bank or building society has committed to offering a cash Lifetime ISA by the planned 6 April launch date. The likes of Barclays, Santander, Halifax and HSBC, all confirmed to Zoopla they have no current plans to offer the account.
Q. I already have a Help to Buy ISA. Is a Lifetime ISA worth it?
A. If you are already saving into a Help to Buy ISA you will be able to transfer these savings into a Lifetime ISA when the accounts launch.
Alternatively, you can continue saving into each account separately. However, you’ll only be able to put the bonus from ONE of the accounts towards buying a property.
Q. What about using it as a pension pot?
A. If you already own a property so don't need to save towards a deposit, you can keep any cash saved in a Lifetime ISA until you reach 60 to put towards your retirement income. At that point, you can take all the savings tax-free. Or you can withdraw tax-free income from your fund.
Q. What if I want to use the money for something else?
A. You'll be permitted to withdraw the cash in a Lifetime ISA before you buy a home or reach the age of 60. But in this case you’ll lose the government bonus – including any interest and growth on it – and you’ll pay a 5% charge on the entire fund to boot.
Q. What if I already have other ISAs?
A. For the current tax year (2016/17), you can pay in up to £15,240 into your ISA, and this rises to £20,000 from 6 April, 2017. The sum can be split between different ISA accounts, whether cash, stocks and shares, or the new Lifetime ISA.