From the size of deposit you'll need when the scheme begins to which banks are taking part, everything you need to know about the 95% mortgage scheme.
In the 2021 Budget, Chancellor Rishi Sunak made a pledge to make low-deposit lending more widely available.
Greater access to 95% mortgages will come as very welcome news to many first-time buyers - and those who want to realise their dream of owning their own home.
Here we take a closer look at what it all means.
What is a 95% mortgage guarantee?
The Government hopes that by offering a plan to guarantee mortgages, lenders will be willing to reintroduce low-deposit lending. Many stopped offering high loan-to-value (LTV) deals during the pandemic, amid fears over how Covid-19 could impact jobs and the economy.
Lenders often view 95% mortgages as more risky, since they’re at the mercy of falling house prices, with borrowers potentially ending up in negative equity (meaning they owe more than their home is worth).
The aim of the Mortgage Guarantee Scheme is to address this.
The idea behind the new 95% home loans – requiring a deposit of just 5% – is that they will provide a real boost for many would-be homebuyers who were finding it too much of a struggle to scrape together 10%.
This will hopefully mean that young buyers previously locked out of the housing market will now be able to get onto the property ladder.
'Budget confirmation that first-time buyers will be supported by government backed, 95% mortgages is welcome news,' says Zoopla’s research director Richard Donnell.
'A lack of high loan to value lending impacts access to home ownership, which was compounded in 2020 as lenders cut back on higher loan to value lending. This impacted first-time buyers’ share of all housing sales in 2020, which fell to 31% - the lowest level since 2016.'
A new policy to stand behind homebuyers: a mortgage guarantee.— Rishi Sunak (@RishiSunak) March 3, 2021
Lenders who provide mortgages to home buyers who can only afford a 5% deposit, will benefit from a government guarantee on those mortgages. #Budget2021 pic.twitter.com/kyNbzHOMdM
So how much deposit will I need?
Instead of needing a 10% deposit – and having to save £20,000 to buy a £200,000 home – you will now only need a 5% deposit. This means only having to amass £10,000 to buy that same £200,000 property.
For those looking to buy a more expensive property costing £500,000, the required deposit will now be £25,000, as opposed to £50,000 prior to the scheme.
As the upfront costs will be lower, the cost of stepping onto the housing ladder becomes significantly reduced (though buyers will still need to be mindful of the other upfront costs of buying a home, including the valuation, surveyor, estate agent and legal fees, as well as stamp duty).
Is there an upper limit on borrowing?
With the Mortgage Guarantee Scheme, loans will be available for properties costing up to £600,000.
Given this threshold, more buyers will be able to take advantage of the scheme in areas where property prices are relatively low. By contrast, in less affordable areas, take-up may be lower.
Equally, while the aim of the scheme is to help those finding it hard to pull together a deposit, you need to bear in mind that deposits are only half the equation. The other factor is borrowing capacity – and this is dependent on how much you earn.
Under current lending criteria, the most that banks are typically prepared to lend is no more than 4.5 times a buyer’s annual salary.
Based on this, in order to purchase a property costing the maximum £600,000, with a deposit of just 5% (equating to £30,000), you would need to be earning £126,667 a year (to get you to £570,000).
With this in mind, 5% mortgages may do little to help solo buyers, or those on – or below – average earnings.
When does the scheme begin and end?
The Guaranteed Mortgage Scheme is due to launch in April 2021 - and will run until December 31, 2022.
Why is it being introduced now?
The Chancellor has said the move is about ‘unlocking’ home ownership.
The hope is that this scheme – together with the stamp duty holiday extension – will offer a welcome boost for first-time buyers and those with smaller deposits.
There are also hopes that these initiatives will, in turn, offer a big boost to the property market, as well as the economy as a whole.
At the same time, the new guarantee scheme also appears to offer an exit from the Help to Buy equity loan scheme for new homes, which is due to end in 2023.
Which banks are taking part?
So far, lenders including Lloyds, Santander, NatWest, HSBC and Barclays have all said they are looking to offer 95% mortgages once the scheme begins.
More lenders – including Virgin Money – are expected to follow suit soon after.
What sort of interest rates can borrowers expect?
As yet, no details of actual rates have been revealed, but generally speaking, rates on low-deposit mortgages tend to be higher than those on mortgages requiring a bigger deposit.
As a guide, given that you can currently expect to pay well over 3% for a mortgage at 90% LTV, it’s likely that 95% mortgages could be even more costly.
All you can do for now is wait and watch. But in the meantime, what we do know is that buyers will be able to fix their rate for ‘at least’ five years if they so wish, giving borrowers some sense of security that their rate won’t go up over the short term.
What are the risks with a 95% mortgage?
The big worry with lending at such a high LTV is that buyers risk over-stretching themselves.
Given these concerns, it’s important that lending is responsibly targeted, and that only those who can afford the repayments get access to the low-deposit deals.
While more details are yet to be revealed, the expectation is that borrowers will still have to pass the usual strict affordability checks to ensure they are financially able to bear the risk.
Does the scheme only apply to first-time buyers?
Unlike similar schemes that have gone before, the Government Mortgage Guarantee is not limited to first-time buyers – nor just to new-build homes.
This means that both first timers and home movers can take advantage of the low-deposit deals – though the scheme is likely to be most popular with those taking the first step onto the property ladder.
Who else could benefit?
Other buyers who could potentially benefit include existing homeowners wanting to trade up, or those looking to remortgage to release equity.
Will the scheme benefit the housing market by keeping things moving?
The expectation is that Government-backed 5% mortgages will help drive activity as the stamp duty holiday and Help to Buy scheme are wound down.
Could the scheme push up house prices in the long-run?
While the Mortgage Guarantee Scheme offers a welcome boost for buyers, the Government will need to carefully monitor the impact on house prices.
There are concerns that unless the supply of affordable housing is there to meet the increased demand, there’s a risk the scheme could inflate prices further – potentially pushing prices even further out of reach for some of the very people it was designed to help.
What does the Government say about the scheme?
The Chancellor says this is about turning Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s pledge to transform ‘generation rent into generation buy’ into a reality.
Rishi Sunak told MPs: ‘Lenders who provide mortgages to homebuyers who can only afford a 5% deposit will benefit from a Government guarantee on those mortgages. [This is] a policy that gives people who can’t afford a big deposit the chance to buy their own home.’
What’s Zoopla’s verdict?
Richard Donnell, director of research at Zoopla, says: ‘Supporting buyers with small deposits is key to widening home ownership for a part of the mortgage market that has been under-served.
‘The scheme will have less impact for buyers in southern England, where house prices are a major barrier to being able to afford a 95% mortgage. This all supports the levelling up narrative and policy approach of Government.’
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